PUT THE POLITICIANS ON THE MINIMUM WAGE AND WATCH HOW FAST THINGS CHANGE
Civilisation has operated in two ways - To make one part of society more affluent and the other more wretched than would have been the lot of either in a natural state
There are Natural Rights and Civil Rights. Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness
Where Our Power to Execute Our Natural Rights is Perfect, Government has No Legitimate Jurisdiction
When the Forces for War are Greater than the Forces for Peace   Then the World is in Danger
Politics is not a Dirty Word. It is a Way of Life. How is Your Way of Life Today ?
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THIS IS A 1953 READING & STUDY PROGRAMME by the COMMUNIST PARTY FOR THOSE INTERESTED IN MARXISM

TODAY IT MIGHT FORM THE BASIS OF A UNIVERSITY DEGREE
 
The Radical 
8th June 2018
 
WHETHER THIS WAS INTENDED FOR THE INTELLIGENTIA 
 
OR ENTHUSIASTIC UNEDUCATED BUT WORKING CLASS …..IS UNCLEAR
 
IT IS DEEP AND INVOLVED …. HOW MANY WOULD IT ATTRACT TO-DAY 
 
I GIVE YOU JANUARY AND WILL SAY MORE ON FEB – JUNE
 
WOULD IT APPEAL TODAY ?
 
FOLLOWING :- I GIVE YOU THE REPEAT OF :-

 
THE RADICALS POLITICAL ECONOMY

~by John Eaton in precis form 

One section a day  
————————————————————————————-
Introduction to Marxism
 (1 penny and a half penny) 
 
A Six Month Reading and Study Programme
 
Elementary
 
The Study Programme is based on the Introduction to Marxism by Emile Burns
 
Other reading is advisable
 
The Course aims to provide a general introduction to nthe study of Marxism-Leninism 
 
A number of questions are put for discussion after each months  reading. 
 
Discussion of these and other questions should take place,as far as possible  with the help of a  consultant.
 
NOTE TO STUDENTS AND CONSULTANTS
 
The Central Education Dept would like to be informed of any special issues and difficulties that arise in the course of the study and discussion of this programme
 
JANUARY
 
Subject
 
LAWS OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
 
Introduction to Marxism 
(Chapters 1 & 2 )
 
Marx and Engels: Communist Manifesto 
Section 1 Bourgeois and Proletarians 
Engels : Preface to the English Edition
 
Questions for Discussion :
1. What is Class ?
2 How does Marx explain social development ?
3 What role do ideas play in the development of society ?
 
FEBRUARY
CAPITALISM AND IMPERIALISM
 
MARCH
THE CLASS STRUGGLE AND THE STATE
 
APRIL
SOCIALIST SOCIETY
 
MAY 
THE MARXIST WORLD OUTLOOK
 
JUNE
THE FIGHT FOR SOCIALISM
 

—————————————————————————————————————————————

 

Political Economy – 

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THE RISE AND FALL OF CAPITALISM IN HUMAN HISTORY

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socialism
HOW AND WHY SOCIETY CHANGES 
The Radical
5th March 2018
 
With reference to “Political Economy” by John Eaton
 
A MARXIST TEXTBOOK – CONTINUED NEXT SUNDAY
 
COMMODITY PRODUCTION- THE MAIN FEATURES THAT GIVE CAPITALISM ITS ESSENTIAL CHARACTER
 
THE HISTORY OF MANKIND FALLS
INTO DISTINCT STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT
 
SOME IMPORTANT INTERVENTIONS
 
AGRICULTURE——Predominant Social System is PRIMITIVE COMMUNISM
 
5550 – 4250 BC
Hoe,Sickle,Pottery,Spindle & Loom  
4250 – 3750 BC
Smelting and Casting of Copper 
3750 – 3250 BC
Wheeled vehicles,plough,,harness ,sail,potters wheel,balance
3250 – 2750 BC 
Bronze, bellows,developed tools for many handicrafts.
——————————————————————————————————
1800 BC – Predominant Social System is ANCIENT SLAVERY SOCIETY
Spoked Wheels
 
1400 -1100 BC 
Smelting and Effective use of iron 
700 450 BC
Many improved and more specialised tools for handicrafts and farming -pulley,sheep shears 
250 100 BC
Draw Loom – China
Screw of Achimedes,cranes,heavy plough,nail-making, anvil,wire- drawing blocks, more general use of animal power
100- 0 BC
Carpenter’s plane,watermill,screw press,shears with block and tackle (Chinese harness) 
AD 475 
Overshot water wheel (Block Printing and Stirrups in China AD 550 – 650
 
AD 850 – 950 – Predominant Social System – FEUDALISM
 
Modern saddle harness in Europe,Horseshoe,Modern draft Harness
( Persian windmill AD 950)
( Movable type,China AD 1041)
AD 1050 -1225
European Windmill,woodcuts for letters,water – power for fulling,crushing,sawing and tilt hammer. Magnetic compass.Completed evolution of harness ; generalised use of animal- power.
AD 1225 – 1400 
Mechanised clock,modern plough,modern rudder,block printing in Europe ,lathe,wire drawing ,machine, cast iron.
AD 1500-1650
Spring – Clock railways at mines.knitting machine,
(pendulum clock 1641)
 
Predominant Social System – CAPITALISM 
AD 1650 and after
Newcomen Engine (1712)
Smelting with coke,flying shuttle (1733)
carding machine (1748)
Chronometer (1766) 
Spinning Jenny ( 1768)
Crompton’s Mule (1779)
Watts rotative Engine)(1781)
balloon (1783)
Maudsley’s improved lathe (1794)
Stephenson’s first locomotive (1814)
water turbine (1827)
electric bell ( 1831)
Telegraph (1837) 
turret lathe (1845)
Bessemer steel (1856)
Steam turbine (1884)
Etc….. 
 
Why is the history of society so clearly marked off into distinct and definite stages ?
 
Why does the form of society change abruptly and violently rather than smoothly and gradually?
 
In short, what is the reason and cause of social revolution ?
 
Marx’s answer  provides a key to the scientific understanding of history; as the forces of production change ,he says,they are restricted and come into conflict with the social relations, within which they are developing, the old society holds back the new, the class that is rising to power comes into conflict with the class that holds that power. 
 
 
CLASS FORCES
After ? violence, only by revolution (peaceful or otherwise),
and the new social relations that it brings into being,
can new forces be freed.
 
Socialism will not be handed on a plate, but must be struggled for.
 
Britain can achieve independence from the EU to run ALL its own affairs. 
 
Who would have it any other way ?
 
“The ideals we cherish,our fondest dreams and fervent hopes may not be realised in our lifetime. But that is beside the point.The knowledge that in your day you did your duty,and lived up to expectations of your fellow men is in itself a rewarding experience and magnificent achievement”  Nelson Mandela

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