PUT THE POLITICIANS ON THE MINIMUM WAGE AND WATCH HOW FAST THINGS CHANGE
Civilisation has operated in two ways - To make one part of society more affluent and the other more wretched than would have been the lot of either in a natural state
There are Natural Rights and Civil Rights. Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness
Where Our Power to Execute Our Natural Rights is Perfect, Government has No Legitimate Jurisdiction
When the Forces for War are Greater than the Forces for Peace   Then the World is in Danger
Politics is not a Dirty Word. It is a Way of Life. How is Your Way of Life Today ?
Emile Burns

THIS IS A 1953 READING & STUDY PROGRAMME by the COMMUNIST PARTY FOR THOSE INTERESTED IN MARXISM-UPDATED

Emile Burns
Introduction to Marxism by Emile Burns
 
The Radical 
9th June 2018
 
TODAY IT MIGHT FORM THE BASIS OF A UNIVERSITY DEGREE 
 
WHETHER THIS WAS INTENDED FOR THE INTELLIGENTIA 
 
OR ENTHUSIASTIC UNEDUCATED BUT WORKING CLASS …..IS UNCLEAR
 
IT IS DEEP AND INVOLVED …. HOW MANY WOULD IT ATTRACT TO-DAY 
 
I GIVE YOU JANUARY AND WILL SAY MORE ON FEB – JUNE
 
WOULD IT APPEAL TODAY ?
 
FOLLOWING :- I GIVE YOU THE REPEAT OF :- 
 
THE RADICALS POLITICAL ECONOMY
 
~by John Eaton in precis form 
 
One section a day  
————————————————————————————-
Introduction to Marxism
 
 (1 penny and a half penny) 
 
A Six Month Reading and Study Programme
 
Elementary
 
The Study Programme is based on the Introduction to Marxism by Emile Burns
 
Other reading is advisable
 
The Course aims to provide a general introduction to the study of Marxism-Leninism  
 
A number of questions are put for discussion after each months  reading. 
 
Discussion of these and other questions should take place,as far as possible  with the help of a  consultant.
 
NOTE TO STUDENTS AND CONSULTANTS
 
The Central Education Dept would like to be informed of any special issues and difficulties that arise in the course of the study and discussion of this programme
 
FEBRUARY  
 
Subject
CAPITALISM AND IMPERIALISM
 
Reading
Introduction to Marxism Ch 3 & 4 
Engels Introduction to Karl Marx’s Wage, Labour and Capital ( L&W)
 
QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION
 
1.What is surplus value, and how is it acquired ?
2. What are the special features of imperialist stage of capitalism ?
3. What has been the effect of imperialiosm on the British Labour Movement ?
NEXT – MARCH 
—————————————————————————————
THE ORIGINS OF CAPITALISM – – Repeated 
 
Last Updated: 18 March 2018 | Print | Email | Edit
 
INTRODUCTION (to Capitalism)
The Radical
18th March 2018
 
FROM “POLITICAL ECONOMY” BY JOHN EATON – 
 
A MARXIST TEXTBOOK THAT’S EASY TO UNDERSTAND !
 
THIS Week
 
INTRODUCTION (to Capitalism)
 
THE CAPITALIST CLASS
THE WORKING CLASS 
————————————————————————————————
NEXT WEEK
MERCHANT CAPITAL
MARKET GROWTH
DECAY OF FEUDALISM 
“PRIMITIVE ACCUMULATION” AND THE ORIGIN OF THE PROLETARIAT
—————————————————————————————
Followed by
DEVELOPMENT OF CAPITALIST PRODUCTION
PART PLAYED BY THE ENGLISH REVOLUTION
———————————————————————————-
Then the Next Chapter 
THE ESSENCE OF CAPITAL EXPLOITATION – 
WHAT IS PROFIT ?
———————————————————————————————
INTRODUCTION
 
Capitalism is an economic system which differs from all previous systems.
 
Production, as a result of the Industrial Revolution drove work into ever larger units employing hundreds then thousands of workers.
 
It’s world development brought an increase in production, wealth & population,but it also brought mass poverty,exploitation of colonial peoples,economic crisis and wars affecting the whole of the world.
 
The development of exchange and trade for the market was a necessary precondition for the development of capitalism.
 
But also must have emerged, two new classes.
 
The Capitalist Class and the Working Class (Proletariat)
 
THE CAPITALIST CLASS
 
This is a Class which owns, as private property, the means of production.
 
Factories Mines Mills Machinery and Raw Materials.
 
However these ownerships does not in itself distinquish the Capitalist class from other exploiting classes.
 
The Slave Owner and Fascist for example.
 
The capitalist class therefore is a class of persons possessed  of wealth in money form and owning the means of production which are set to work by hiring wage workers.
 
There can therefore  be no capitalist production unless in addition to the capitalist class there is also a class of wage earners.
 
THE WORKING CLASS
 
Capitalists will not be able to hire wage earners unless there are those who need and are also free ,to sell their power to work for wages.
 
If men can get their living by themselves, as do the independent or simple commodity producers, using their own labour and their own tools and other means of production (such as the peasant working his own land or the craftsman working for himself), then they do not need to sell their power to work,their LABOUR –  POWER.
 
If men are not free to leave their lord’s land being “tied” to the land as is the serf, then they are not able to sell their labour-power. 
 
Therefore, that a  class of wage earners might develop, it was necessary that there should be men who were freed from the bondage of serfdom  and at the same time “free” from the opportunity of getting a living for themselves as independent producers, as peasants or craftsmen. 
 
(We can’t all be shopkeepers)
 
In short,men torn from the means of production,dispossessed of land,raw materials,and tools,free to sell their labour -power for wages-or starve. 
 
This new propertyless dispossessed class, who coming into being was a necessary condition for the development of capitalism.
 
 Marx termed the PROPLETARIAT after the ” proletarii” who constituted the propertyless class of free citizens in ancient Rome.
 
An understanding of capitalism must begin with an understanding of how there came into being,on the one hand, the PROPERTIED class owning the means of production-the CAPITALIST CLASS ;
 
and on the other hand,
 
the propertyless class,free and yet compelled by necessity to sell its labour – power to the capitalists – the WORKING CLASS or PROLETARIAT.
 
To be continued…
—————————————————————————————
I digress here to ask what class you think you are ?
 
Owning your own home does not make you a capitalist. 
 
Being a University Graduate doesn’t mean you are not working class.
 
Being a tenanted farmer does not stop you being a serf.
 
Being an independent trader only exempts you from having to sell your Labour – Power, 
it does not make you a capitalist in the terms described here.
 
Not all “peasants” or “craftsmen” are poor.
 
Food, Shelter and Clothing are essential commodities – 
 
A need is created and the labour production supplied by the capitalist at a profit to him.
 
The wage earner and those independents not required to sell their labour – power are still required to buy into these consumer necessities.
 
Publicly Essential  Utilities of life are :-
 
Water, Heating, Waste, Health, Education etc..
 
 all have to be purchased and many are or are being privatised for profit
 
There is more to follow on these subjects……
 
Please stay with it………………………..

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