Civilisation has operated in two ways - To make one part of society more affluent and the other more wretched than would have been the lot of either in a natural state
There are Natural Rights and Civil Rights. Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness
Where Our Power to Execute Our Natural Rights is Perfect, Government has No Legitimate Jurisdiction
When the Forces for War are Greater than the Forces for Peace   Then the World is in Danger
Politics is not a Dirty Word. It is a Way of Life. How is Your Way of Life Today ?


The Battle of Marston Moor

The largest battle ever fought on English soil took place in the evening of the 2nd July 1644 during the English Civil War.

by Ellen Castelow


Prince Rupert of the Rhine had only just relieved the siege on the Royalist stronghold of York when he took up his position on Marston Moor against a combined force of around 22,000 Parliamentarians and Scottish Covenanters.

At 7pm the Parliamentarian army launched a surprise attack and following a confused fight lasting just two hours, Parliamentarian cavalry under Oliver Cromwell routed Prince Rupert’s Royalist cavalry and decimated their infantry.

The battle confirmed how a well-equipped and trained army could win the war and established Cromwell’s reputation as a great commander. The Royalists effectively abandoned all control in the north of England.

Click here for a battlefield map.

Key Facts:

Date: 2nd July, 1644

War: English Civil War

Location: Long Marston, North Yorkshire

Belligerents: Royalists and Parliamentarians (including Scottish Covenanters)

Victors: Parliamentarians and Scottish Covenanters

Numbers: Royalists 17,000, Parliamentarians and Scottish Covenanters 22,000

Casualties: Royalists 5,000, Parliamentarians around 300.

Commanders: Prince Rupert of the Rhine and the Marquess of Newcastle (Royalists), Lord Fairfax and the Earl of Manchester (Parliamentarians)


The Battle of Marston Moor

More Battles in the English Civil War:

Battle of Edgehill23 October, 1642
Battle of Braddock Down19 January, 1643
Battle of Hopton Heath19 March, 1643
Battle of Stratton16 May, 1643
Battle of Chalgrove Field18 June, 1643
Battle of Adwalton Moor30 June, 1643
Battle of Lansdowne5 July, 1643
Battle of Roundway Down13 July, 1643
Battle of Winceby11 October, 1643
Battle of Nantwich25 January, 1644
Battle of Cheriton29 March, 1644
Battle of Cropredy Bridge29 June, 1644
Battle of Marston Moor2 July, 1644
Battle of Naseby14 June, 1645
Battle of Langport10 July 1645
Battle of Rowton Heath24 September, 1645
Battle of Stow-on-the-Wold21 March, 1646

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