Event of Interest
Photographer: Viktor Bulla
Source: Russian Archives (via Wikimedia Commons)
After the February Revolution in 1917 overthrew Russia’s centuries-old monarchy, the conflict between the Provisional Government led by Alexander Kerensky and the Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin intensified around the country.
On 7 November (25 October in Old Style) Bolshevik forces under Lenin’s command seized government buildings in Petrograd (or St. Petersburg) and the following day the Winter Palace. This began the Soviet rise to power, and on 9 November the Bolsheviks proclaimed the creation of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, the first socialist state so created.
The revolution did not end the struggles. Over the next 5 years the country descended into the chaos and anarchy of the Russian Civil War; the Soviets would triumph, leading to the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922.
- 1937 The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude (“The Eternal Jew”) opens in Munich.
- 1940 RAF bombs Munich, Adolf Hitler promises “an attack on the capital of the Nazi movement would not go unpunished”
- 1944 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labour
- 1944 Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
- 1945 Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550
- 1965 Vietnam War: US, Australian and New Zealand forces launch Operation Hump,
- a search-and-destroy operation near Bien Hoa in South Vietnam
- 1988 900 die as earthquake hits China
- 1992 300,000 demonstrate against racism in Berlin
- 2013 At least 6,000 people are killed after Typhoon Haiyan, the strongest storm recorded at landfall, makes landfall in the Philippines
Election of Interest