Nguyen Ai Quoc
born Nguyễn Sinh Cung,
also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành, Bác Hồ or simply Bác,
(commonly known by his alias Ho Chi Minh)
The communist movement in Cambodia and Vietnam began before World War II with the founding of the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP), almost exclusively dominated by the Vietnamese, originally meant to fight French colonial rule in Indochina.
In 1941 Ho founded the Viet Nam Doc Lap Dong Minh Hoi, or the Viet Minh.
When the Japanese were defeated at the end of World War II, he initiated the first Indochinese war of independence against the French.
During this time, Vietnamese forces made extensive use of Cambodian territory to transport weapons, supplies, and troops.
This relationship lasted throughout the Vietnam War, when Vietnamese communists used Cambodia as a transport route and staging area for attacks on South Vietnam.
In 1951, Vietnam guided the establishment of a separate Cambodian communist party, the Kampuchean People’s Revolutionary Party (KPRP), which allied with a nationalist separatist Cambodian movement, the Khmer Serei (Free Khmers), in order to pursue independence.
In accordance with the 1954 Geneva Accords negotiating the end of the French domination, newly created communist North Vietnam pulled all of its Viet Minh soldiers and cadres out of Cambodia; however, since the KPRP was staffed primarily by ethnic Vietnamese or Cambodians under its tutelage, approximately 5,000 Communist cadres went with them.
The Cambodian–Vietnamese War, otherwise known in Vietnam as the Counter-offensive on the Southwestern border (Chiến dịch Phản công Biên giới Tây-Nam), was an armed conflict between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and Democratic Kampuchea.
Then, in May 1975, the newly formed Democratic Kampuchea, dominated by the Khmer Rouge, began attacking Vietnam, beginning with an attack on the Vietnamese island of Phú Quốc.
In spite of the fighting, the leaders of reunified Vietnam and Kampuchea made several public diplomatic exchanges throughout 1976 to highlight the supposedly strong relations between them.
The war began with isolated clashes along the land and maritime boundaries of Vietnam and Kampuchea between 1975 and 1978, occasionally involving division-sized military formations.
On 25 December 1978, Vietnam launched a full-scale invasion of Kampuchea and subsequently occupied the country and removed the Communist Party of Kampuchea
Shortly afterwards, the constitutional monarchy was restored and the Khmer Rouge was outlawed from power by the newly formed Cambodian Government .
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