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Basic Facts About Type 2 Diabetes

Facts About Type 2

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.

In type 2 diabetes a condition characterized by high blood glucose levels caused by either a lack of insulin or the body’s inability to use insulin efficiently.

Type 2 diabetes develops most often in middle-aged and older adults but can appear in young people.X, your body does not use insulin properly.


This is called insulin resistance the body’s inability to respond to and use the insulin it produces.

Insulin resistance may be linked to obesity, hypertension, and high levels of fat in the blood.

This occurs most often in people with type 2 diabetes but people with type 1 diabetes can have insulin resistance, too.X.


At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it.

But, over time your pancreasan organ that makes insulin and enzymes for digestion.


The pancreas is located behind the lower part of the stomach and is about the size of a hand.


X isn’t able to keep up and can’t make enough insulin to keep your blood glucosethe main sugar found in the blood and the body’s main source of energy.


Also called blood sugar.


X levels normal.


Type 2 is treated it with lifestyle changes, oral medications (pills), and insulina hormone that helps the body use glucose for energy.


The beta cells of the pancreas make insulin.


When the body cannot make enough insulin, it is taken by injection or through use of an insulin pump.X.

When glucoseThe food you eat gets digested and broken down into a sugar your body’s cells can use.

This is glucose, one of the simplest forms of sugar.


X builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can cause two problems:

  • Right away, your cells may be starved for energy.
  • Over time, high blood glucose levels may hurt your eyes, kidneysthe two bean-shaped organs that filter wastes from the blood and form urine. The kidneys are located near the middle of the back. They send urine to the bladder.X, nerves or heart.

Some people with type 2 can control their blood glucose with healthy eating and being active.

But, your doctor may need to also prescribe oral medications or insulin to help you meet your target blood glucose levels.


Type 2 usually gets worse over time – even if you don’t need medications at first, you may need to later on.

Some groups have a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes than others.


Type 2 diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, as well as the aged population.


Patient Education Materials — Taking Care of Type 2 Diabetes

This two-page introduction to type 2 diabetes is in PDF format so you can download it, print it, and hand it out to patients.

You can also download the Spanish version.




  • Last Reviewed: August 1, 2013
  • Last Edited: October 9, 2014

– See more at: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-2/facts-about-type-2.html#sthash.zrfp6MTl.dpuf

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